Egg Bound in Exotic Birds: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Treatments and Prevention


Egg bound in exotic birds happens whenever eggs fail to go through the reproductive system at the required pace. Also commonly referred to as Dystocia, egg binding in exotic birds happens when there are challenges in laying of eggs since there are is an existing obstruction. While egg binding in exotic birds is quite common, especially in exotic birds, it is a condition that is not only curable, but can be prevented from occurring. Egg binding in exotic birds can occur if a female bird natured as a pet is not introduced to a mate. This is because birds can lay eggs without necessarily mating with a male. The good news is that this condition can be diagnosed and treated. The results can be marvelous if the condition is identified and treated on time. On the other hand, if the condition is left for a long time without any kind of treatment, the result can be death.

Risk Factors

Egg bound in birds can be aggravated by a number of factors. Listed below, are some of the risk factors which may increase your pet’s susceptibility to Dystocia:

#1: The species of the bird you are nurturing

The type of bird you are nurturing may determine its susceptibility to egg binding. This type of condition is quite common in smaller birds, for example, finches, budgerigars, canaries, cockatiels and love birds.

#2: How close are you to your pet?

The proximity between your pet and you can determine its vulnerability to egg binding. The risk is greater in single female birds which are tightly related to their masters. A number of studies have also found that birds which are strongly connected to mirrors as well as particular toys are also at risk of suffering from egg binding.

#3: The amount of clutches

Birds which frequently produce recurring clutches due to inferior breeding practices, for example, taking away of young birds prior to maturity or breeding of birds beyond the recommended season can lead to health issues that eventually lead to egg binding.

#4: The age of your bird

If you have a young bid that is laying eggs for the first-time or an old bird that is laying eggs beyond the recommended age, the chances of it developing egg binding are high.

In addition to the above, other factors that can increase a bird’s susceptibility to egg binding are reproductive health issues, malnutrition, declining health, genetics as well as egg abnormalities.

Signs and Symptoms

Listed below, are some of the signs and symptoms that a bird suffering from egg binding may display:

  • Abdominal straining.
  • Drooping of the wings.
  • Fluffed feathers.
  • Wide stance.
  • Distended abdomen.
  • Occasional abrupt death.
  • Problems in breathing.
  • Wagging of the tail.
  • Depression.
  • Leg paralysis.


The type of treatment administered will hinge on several factors such as gravity of the signs and symptoms being displayed by the bird, the location of the egg, the condition the bird is in as well as the number of days or weeks the bird has suffered from the condition.

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